Organ or tissue transplantation (transplants) refers to the surgical procedure of replacing a failed organ or tissue. Organs and tissues are obtained from deceased or living donors. Transplants – such as a heart transplant – can save lives. They can also restore function to improve quality of life. For example, transplanting the clear tissue that covers the eye (cornea) is not necessary for life, but can restore sight.
Transplantation is a complex surgery and is performed by trained and skilled medical personnel. It is performed immediately following organ or tissue retrieval (often referred to as procurement process. This is to ensure that the organs or tissues that are retrieved are functioning optimally. There are optimal time frames for each organs, for example heart and lungs must be transplanted within 4 to 6 hours, liver within 8 to 12 hours and kidney within 24 hours.
Tissue transplantations is equally important as it improves quality of life for patients . In Malaysia, these include the eyes (cornea), skin, bones and heart valves.
Survival Rate of Organ Recipients
Liver Transplant 1 year: 80 – 85% | 5 years: 70 – 75%
Heart Transplant 1 year: 83% | 5 years – 63% | Return to work – 83%
Kidney Transplant 1 year: 85 – 90% | 5 years:> 75% | 10 years: 60% – Recipients can return to work, play sports, get married and have children.